Mong Tai Army
- (MTA)In the Shan language, Mong Tai means "Shan State," thus "Shan State Army." Commanded by the drugdealing warlord Khun Sa, it was one of the most powerful ethnic minority armed groups in the early 1990s, with a total armed strength of as many as 19,000 guerrillas. Although Khun Sa voiced his commitment to Shan patriotism, the MTA, with its power base primarily in central and southern Shan State and its headquarters at Homong near the border with Thailand, played a major role in the profitable export of opium and heroin to international markets. In January 1996, Khun Sa surrendered to the State Law and Order Restoration Council, which was a blow to Shan (Tai) nationalists, who saw his armed group as a means of defending the interests of their people. With its collapse, the Tatmadaw was able to gain effective control in much of central Shan State and carried out extensive forced relocations. The SLORC-MTAagreement was different from other post-1988 cease-fires because the armed group broke up rather than continuing an autonomous existence like the Kachin Independence Organization or the United Wa State Army (the increasingly powerful UWSA played an important role in SLORC's pre-1996 strategy of softening up the MTA). Composed of MTAveterans, the Shan State Army (South) continues to resist the State Peace and Development Council in central Shan State.
Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar). Donald M. Seekins . 2014.
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Mong Tai Army — Fahne des MTA Die Muang Tai Army, auch Mong Tai Army geschrieben, ist eine ehemalige Widerstandsbewegung der Shan Minderheit in Myanmar (Birma). Die Shan Bedeutung von Tai ist frei , Muang kann mit Staat übersetzt werden. Die Muang Tai Army galt… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Mong Taï Army — Pour les articles homonymes, voir MTA. Drapeau de la Mong Taï Army La Mong Tai Army (français : Armée de l État taï … Wikipédia en Français
Mong Tai Army — The flag of the Mong Tai Army The Mong Tai Army (also, Muang Tai Army) is a former ressistance force of the Shan minority in Burma, founded by Khun Sa. It had up to 20 000 armed members and was one of the forces opposing the central government.… … Wikipedia
Muang Tai Army — Fahne des MTA Die Muang Tai Army, auch Mong Tai Army geschrieben, ist eine ehemalige Widerstandsbewegung der Shan Minderheit in Myanmar (Birma). Die Shan Bedeutung von Tai ist frei , Muang kann mit Staat übersetzt werden. Die Muang Tai Army galt… … Deutsch Wikipedia
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